Difference between hellenism and judaism place
the hoary distinction drawn between the Hellenized Judaism of the Diaspora and the "pure" traditional Judaism of. Palestine, or more properly, Judea, is. Most commentators divide the Grecian and Hebraic Jews along linguistic and geographic lines. The Hellenistic Jews are those who speak mainly Greek, and formerly. New Testament scholars have frequently differentiated sharply between 'Palestinian' and 'Hellenistic' Judaism; far-reaching conclusions have been built upon. ETHEREUM OPTIONS EXCHANGE
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Judaism believes not only that there is only one G-d who created everything, but that G-d is actively involved in ruling the world. Gods, Goddesses and Who Knows What! The Greeks believed in a multitude of gods. For each object or state of nature there was a different god or goddess, such as Aphrodite, the goddess of love, and Poseidon, the god of the sea. Gods in the Image of Man The Greeks gods were almost all conceptualized as humans with supernatural powers.
Not only did they possess the same physical image as humankind, but the Greek deities even had human lusts and passions. Greek mythology is filled with images of gods fighting in jealous rivalries, plotting against one another and innocent mortals, and pursuing human lovers. In fact, numerous gods in mythology are born out of god-human relationships. By creating gods who were as spoiled and egocentric as humans, it was easy for a person to negate the will of a god by saying it was the will of a rival god.
The Beauty of Balance Judaism views the physical body as a partner with the soul. Humankind was created from the physical and from the spiritual And the L-rd G-d formed the human being of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life.
Genesis This dual level of creation distinguishes humans from animals completely of the lower world and angels completely of the upper worlds , neither of which have free-will. It is the Jewish belief that people must work throughout their lives to synthesize the physical and the spiritual.
Since the Jewish view is that humankind was created in the image of G-d Genesis , it is impossible to come to a conclusion that a human may supplement the Divine. Beauty as Ideal Greek culture placed the highest value on the physical and gave the world the idea that beauty is, in itself, a supreme ideal.
Epitomizing this worship of the physical was the Greek passion for athletics. Among their first actions, the Greeks built gymnasiums in every city they conquered. The Greek athletics were held in the nude, highlighting the beauty of the human being. This physical glorification is one example of the Hellenistic view of nature as supreme. These differences created a clash of cultures.
They were infuriated by the Jewish refusal to accept Hellenism. In their need to rid the world of Judaism, they singled out three mitzvot commandments : The sanctification of the new month, the Sabbath, and circumcision. In ancient times, when there was a Temple and a Sanhedrin High Jewish Court , witnesses would come and declare that the new moon had been seen and the sages would then declare the month sanctified.
What then could be the problem with setting a calendar? Hellenism was a synthesis of Greek Hellenic culture with the native cultures of the Near East. Greek culture had by this time developed to its pinnacle. It had been liberated from the limitations of geography, and one could now be a Hellene by education and culture, not just by birth.
Humanism had resulted from the primacy attributed to reason in Greek thought. Man now was at the center of the cosmos rather than merely of the polis the Greek city as he had been earlier. The Decline of Native Civilizations Concurrently, native Near Eastern civilizations had run their course and were on the decline.
Egypt and Mesopotamia apparently produced little of literary or intellectual import in this period, and the widespread interest in new religions observable in the sources indicates a hunger for new means of spiritual fulfillment. The time was ripe for a new cultural movement. Thus the peoples of the defeated Persian Empire could offer no more resistance to the Hellenic cultural onslaught than they had to the Macedonian army.
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