Paperage forex trading
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common stock of the issuer Under existing PRC foreign exchange regulations, payments of current. Forex Trading Journal: Forex Trading Strategy Planner for Forex Traders to record Trades and Trading Strategies. by Limitless Achievers. out of 5 stars 1. Silver Commitments of Traders – Halloween is Arriving Early This Year post-paper age in which physical demand sets prices. FOREX PEACE ARMY SIGNALS EQUIPMENT
We will give a clear illustration of common Forex account types and their pros and cons, so you can weigh out what would be the right thing for you. You will test out your learning skills, patience, and so much more by starting with a mini account. If you have experience with trading, a managed account can be worth the additional fees.
Plus, their leverage is Naturally, you can feel pressured when you read all this, but reconsider what type of trader you might be, and go with what suits you now. You can always upgrade once you are more confident and skillful. Mini Trading Accounts Forex traders having accounts use mini when they want to make a transaction.
If you are entirely new to Forex trading, the best advice is to start with a mini trading account, so you do not stress too much before you even begin. Pros and Cons of Mini Accounts Your risk is much lower, which is a plus since you have lots to learn about trading. What people get wrong is you do not have to invest the whole amount to trade. You need a thousand dollars to be in the margin account if you want to trade only one standard lot.
Every pip is worth 10 dollars — you can earn up to dollars if the position moves pips daily. A positive trend reversal could see you earning a profit on a particular trade, while a negative trend reversal could see the opposite happen. If you fail to spot a negative reversal — i. As such, being able to spot a reversal either as it happens or, preferably, before it happens can prevent these losses from occurring and limit your overall risk exposure.
A good way of protecting yourself from the negative effects of trend reversals is to use a stop loss order to close a position if the price starts to dip too low. Why should I be worried about pullbacks? Much like reversals, pullbacks are a strong signal that the market conditions are beginning to change. As pullbacks usually happen before reversals settle in, they are arguably a more important signal to look out for.
However, it should be noted that the very nature of pullbacks makes them more difficult to spot than reversals as it will not always be fully clear if a pullback is actually happening or if it is just more general market volatility. How can I use reversals and pullbacks to my advantage? Although they technically capture distinct market trends, in certain respects, reversals and pullbacks are important for forex traders for many of the same reasons.
This is because, in certain circumstances, both reversals and pullbacks will signal either buying or selling opportunities depending on the direction of the trend. By spotting pullback and reversal trends as they happen in real time, you will be able to use these as signals for when you should open or close a position. A negative reversal trend, for example, might signal that the value of a particular asset is decreasing and that you need to close your trading position before you lose any more value.
On the other hand, the same reversal trend might signal that now is a good time to acquire a particular asset given that the value is, momentarily, decreasing.
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The good news is that traders can use the simulator before making live trades with their capital. Online brokers such as Fidelity and TD Ameritrade also offer clients paper trade accounts. Investopedia provides a free stock simulator that can be used for paper trading and for those looking to get started with a day trading account, Investopedia compiled a list of the best stock brokers for day trading to make the process easier.
On a technical level, simulators may not account for slippage , spreads or commissions which can have a significant impact on day trading returns. For example, some day traders are focused on "feel" and must rely on paper trading accounts alone, while others use automated trading systems and may backtest hundreds of systems before paper trading only the most promising ones.
Traders should choose the best broker platform for their needs based on their trading preferences and paper trade on those accounts. Some strategies may only work in bull markets, which means traders can be caught off-guard when a bear market comes along. Day traders should regularly use paper trading features on their brokerage accounts to test new and experimental strategies to try their hand in trading markets. Simple mistakes can be incredibly costly for day traders who risk tens of thousands of dollars in hundreds of trades per day.
This makes paper trading an integral part of long-term success. Pros of Paper Trading Starting out with a paper trading account can help shorten your learning curve. But there are other benefits beyond just educating yourself. First, you have no risk. Because you're not using real money, you don't lose anything. You can analyze what mistakes you've made and help create a winning strategy.
This also helps you build your confidence, allows you to practice techniques and strategies needed to be a successful day trader including profit or loss taking and pre-market preparation. Finally, it takes the stress out of trading. You can concentrate on your strategies in a relaxed environment and take the emotion out of trading.
Cons of Paper Trading While paper trading will help give you the practice you need, there are a few downfalls. Because it doesn't use real money, you don't get an idea of how fees and commissions factor into your trades. These simulators also don't accurately reflect the reality of the markets, with the lows and highs and the emotion that goes along with trading.
Thus, it's important to remember that this is a simulated environment as you get your trading skills in check. Practice, Practice, Practice If you're a first-time investor, take as much time as you can paper trading before you jump ship and begin live trading. Be sure to explore different strategies and new ideas so you can get comfortable. The idea behind using simulators is for you to get comfortable and cut down on your learning curve.
Once you feel as though you've mastered all that you can by using a simulator, try trading with a stock that has had a predictable run—with a lower price and a consistent response to market conditions. So construction is not anticipated until late or early for these two companies. The third company, Columbia Pulp, has its Initial Intent to Construct Permit approved and site preparation construction has started.
The facility is on schedule to begin operations in Q The start-up is expected to coincide with the initial harvest of the wheat straw, according to media reports. Columbia Pulp. The finished product will be roughly tons per day or , tons per year of wet lap pulp that will be sold to paper mills who sell to packaging and personal care companies.
The facility does not anticipate doing any finished product converting. The plant will employ people at full scale operations. Columbia Pulp will also produce approximately 75 tons per day 26, tons per year of a lignincarbohydrate by-product. This product will be burned to help to supply power to the plant. It will also be sold as a soil amendment additive.
A target base of customers has already been established for the lignin by-product. Not surprisingly, this part of Eastern Washington grows a significant amount of wheat, alfalfa, and grass seed. In the past, the straw that remained behind after harvest was burned. When the straw stubble was tilled back into the ground, it was found that soil erosion increased. Byron Seney, a local grower in Eastern Washington, started looking for alternative applications for the straw and found it: turn it into environmentally friendly pulp.
Columbia Pulp will use a proprietary pulping process developed by Phoenix Pulp and Polymer of Seattle. The quality specifications of the straw pulp are such that the straw pulp is expected to be equal in freeness, stiffness, tensile, and burst to virgin hardwood pulp and recycled pulp.
Columbia Pulp has contracted a small Beta site to test the scale-up of the operations. The output from this Beta site facility is currently being sold. John Begley said that 73 different permits were required for this facility and that no problems were anticipated.
Prairie Pulp and Paper. The location of this facility is as yet unknown but is expected to be somewhere in Manitoba. He has been making various presentations to raise capital for this project. Prairie s ultimate goal is to build a tree-free paper, off-the-grid, ecofriendly, chlorine free, mill on the prairies where there are millions of tonnes of leftover wheat straw readily available, said Christina Marshall, director of Marketing.
The product, which should be classified as copy paper grade, is also reported to be available from Lyreco and Basics, two Canadianbased Office Supply distributors. Prairie Pulp and Paper intends to announce its location, timing, and construction of the new facility once the sales volume of Step Forward Paper reaches a level to sustain the operation.
The most recent announcement from Prairie is that plans have been delayed until As of now, the North American operation location is unknown and the permitting process has not started. The announcement appears only to be a matter of time. Shandong Tranlin Paper Co. The announcement by Shandong Tranlin is also for a Greenfield operation.
Per their website, they have capital of 5. The parent owner is the Quan Lin Group. It is intended to be located on an acre site in Chesterfield County, Virginia and, according to the press release from the state of Virginia, it is the largest investment by a Chinabased privately owned company in the U.
They will also use proprietary technology to convert the black liquor into organic humus-based fertilizer that will be marketed to specialty and organic farmers throughout the According to a report that was released in October , the total value of foreign direct investment FDI in the U. The combination of using wheat straw, which is harvested in the spring, and corn stalks, which are harvested in the fall, will help Tranlin overcome one of the wheat straw pulp mill s issues timely supply of raw materials.
Tranlin s announced product line is natural pulp, natural paper, natural household paper, and papers that would be sold to food and medical packaging companies. Quoting directly from their website, Tranlin s published mission statement is Green, Ecological, Innovative, Beneficial. We should expect Tranlin to follow Shandong s footsteps with respect to potential suppliers.
The Shandong Tranlin announcement triples the annual average in just one venture. Other FDI infusions into the U. IGI is a privately held investment group based in China. This, along with the Shandong Tranlin investment announcement seems to indicate that as Chinese companies grow and expand, they are finding that it makes more sense to manufacture their finished product closer to the end-use market.
These two events are the most recent examples of what we can expect to see on the FDI front in the paper industry. Li Hongfa, Chairman of Shandong Tranlin said, I didn t believe that intellectual property could play such a big role in the loan transaction and account for such a large proportion of it.
The project can now accelerate once the money is in place. Market opportunities do not wait. It is not clear exactly what project Mr. Li Hongfa is referring to. What is clear, however, is that the patents of the Shandong-Tranlin Paper Co. Shandong Tranlin, again quoting from their website, describes itself as One of the first experimental enterprises of a national recycling economy.
On June 15, , there was a special published report titled China s policies and instruments for developing the circular economy. The intent of the circular economy policy is to address the increasingly serious resources challenges and environmental threats faced by China. It is not a simple environmental management policy but a green economy measure and a new development tool that is planned to allow China to leapfrog to a sustainable economic model.
The second area of the law is Resource Productivity improvement. This is to allow companies to control consumption of water, land, energy, and materials, as well as the discharge of main pollutants. This will encourage the transition of corporations to a more sustainable green business.
The policy report indicates that this Circular Economy program is active in China today. As the government tends to control the economy and the banks, i. If Tranlin is successful in the U. North American players need to be aware of a business paradigm shift taking place in China.
The Chinese government is highly aware of resource and environmental issues and is taking active steps to limit, control, or change the status quo of Chinese corporations and their participation in the green economy through innovation. One of them is very active in the construction process while two of them have not yet started to file for permits.
The two that have not yet started, plan to produce paper in various grades and one will produce pulp. There will be multiple profit streams from the mills as they sell the transformed black liquor either as fertilizer or as a soil amendment. At the same time, incoming raw material will be relatively inexpensive to obtain.
We are aware that FDI from China is on the rise as China s cash-rich companies, along with policy support from the Chinese government, invest in the U. We should expect to see a continuation of this trend provided Chinese companies are successful in their U. PaperAge would like to take this opportunity to thank our advertisers. They are some of the premier supplier, service and consulting companies serving today s global pulp and paper industry.
By Bernel DeGrace The principal component of a conveyor is the endless, motor-driven belt which is used to transport goods and material in hundreds of industrial applications including the pulp and paper industry. Trough conveyors are an integral part of most manufacturing and mining industries and are designed for the material properties, distance to be transported, conveyor speed, etc.
For example, in the iron ore and other extractive industries, conveyors move bulk materials for distances of up to 25 kilometers and more. Conveyors are used extensively in sawmill and pulp and paper sectors, transporting wood chips, lime, hog fuel biomass , and other material components of the manufacturing process.
While conveyors have been around for well over a hundred years, the concept of replacing the rollers idlers which support the conveyor belt, with a polymeric pad or cartridge over which the belt slides, came into existence less than fifteen years ago. Subsequent idlers, such as many of those in operation today, have enclosed, pre-greased bearings which make it impractical to pre-determine the condition of the sealed idlers.
The resulting maintenance and production downtime costs can be extensive; while increased energy consumption also becomes a factor. The engineered product utilizes low coefficient of friction polymer pads, or cartridges, affixed by a patented fastening system to a supporting frame. The innovative grooved surface design provides uniform belt support and allows the belt to glide across the cartridges, reducing the belt wear and stresses associated with seized idlers.
The residual service life of Slidler cartridges can be visually monitored, allowing scheduling of any required cartridge change well in advance of future conveyor outages. Cartridges are durable, lightweight and can be changed, without tools, in a matter of minutes. SAFETY There have been serious injuries and even fatalities in the past resulting from personnel coming into contact with moving conveyor components.
Particularly dangerous is the merge, or pinch-point, of the rotating idler and conveyor belt. Regulatory bodies in some jurisdictions are increasingly concerned about this and stricter enforcement of a requirement to erect protective guards or cages at idler stations can be expected. Importantly, the Slidler has no rotating elements which can contribute to severe hand and arm injuries, and there is increased interest in the reduced risk of injury, provided by the Slidler, to operating personnel.
CanGlide is in ongoing CanGlide s Slidler is an engineered product consisting of smooth surfaced polymer cartridges configured to provide excellent belt support and guiding, and affixed to a frame with a patented attachment system. With no moving parts, the Slidler performs well in dusty, corrosive, and abrasive operating conditions, while extending operating life two-to-five times over that of conventional idlers.
There are already applications in Quebec and New Brunswick where specific conveyors with Slidler installations, have been exempted from the requirement of safety guards. Apart from the diminished risk of injury, the Slidler also reduces the possibility of airborne dust ignition from heat generated by seized bearings in sawmills and other processgenerated dusty environments.
Compared with traditional bearing idlers, the replacement costs including maintenance and downtime are considerably reduced. The marginally higher initial cost of a Slidler installation is recovered early in its life cycle. In fact one is led to believe that reliability itself is a newly developed strategy. It is not. Variations of reliability focused actions have been around for decades. The product of good reliability is good availability.
The more reliable your assets, the more availability for production, providing you with much more flexibility in your operations. Reliability is not just about your maintenance practices, it is about every stakeholder s contribution to the condition of the existing assets and how they perform.
Every rotating piece of equipment is provided with bearings, so it is no wonder the focus for improved reliability falls upon this critical component. Historically the number one cause of bearing failure is lubrication, e.
Likewise, historically, the Number 1 methodology used to identify bearings in the process of failing is condition monitoring, aka predictive maintenance PdM specifically vibration monitoring. Many paper mills today are data-driven with data coming from all kinds of sources, e. In many cases we are faced with data overload from too much big data.
The proliferation of the web, smartphones, tablets and cloud has only increased the amount of data available for analysis. Following are some real world pulp and paper examples. Causes of Bearing Failure. Much of the original machine has been upgraded, except for its dryer sections, which are still in original configuration. One might expect that over the course of 61 years the bearings on this machine might have exceeded their life cycle and replaced.
Yet, that has not been the case. Sure, there have been failures, but isolated and random and few. How could this workhorse continue to provide reliable operation? One, this machine is still equipped with one of the best circulating lubricating oil systems designed in its day, providing adequate, clean, cool oil to each of the bearings in its dryer sections, including felt rolls. So the bearings are well lubricated, eliminating the Number 1 cause of bearing failure.
Two, for decades, due to the drive steam turbine s critical speed matching the top end of optimal production machine speed, bearing load has not increased due to ever increasing machine speeds so common on other paper machines, eliminating overload as a factor for failure. Discrepancies were routinely noted and reported. Sort of an early basic care program. While times have changed and more production and maintenance is done with less people due to the addition of technology, the processes remain nearly the same.
Welldesigned assets, operated within design parameters, monitored and maintained with care will provide a longer life cycle than assets exceeding their design limitations and lacking condition monitoring and proper maintenance. Bearings properly installed and cared for can last a long, long time. What are the reliability practices at work? Design for reliability, proper lubrication and operator attention. Market Pulp Mill A medium sized , tonne per year market pulp mill, after undergoing a major expansion rebuild was suffering too much downtime due to failures of assets.
Recognizing a need to optimize asset efficiencies to improve availability, management sought outside assistance via benchmarking to known best practices. This needs analysis 3 provided a roadmap to improvement defining specific issues to address and correct. Investment in technology, process changes and additional personnel was required. A reliability focused crew was created. Operators became involved in the care of the assets for which they had responsibility through the process of condition monitoring.
Condition monitoring technology was updated and expanded and the enterprise asset management program was updated. This mill experienced a period from January through September 21 months without an unplanned shutdown due to failure of its critical rotating equipment, winning a prestigious award for Best ODR Program of the Year in , out of 75 global applicants from all industries.
This mill s management recognizes that involving operators is a game changer and cultural change breakthrough. In average, this mill collects some , condition monitoring data points per day, all of which have to be considered in the analysis process. Talk about big data.
The reliability team uses a commercially available, site-specific configurable application 4 to process these data real time and provide immediate recommendations for action. Total Number of Incidents. Figure 3. Unplanned Maintenance Downtime. Seeking assistance to mitigate these losses they contracted with local SKF services to complement the existing maintenance resources. The scope of the contract included: Predictive maintenance PdM program using vibration monitoring Assist with root cause analysis RCA , primarily of bearing failures Workshop assessments and improvement actions Precision maintenance training Progressive improvement in uptime resulting from detection and replacement of failing bearings and other assets resulted as shown in Figure 2.
In the meantime the mill has begun implementation of basic care for its operators in order to complement the condition monitoring provided from outside contractors. Tissue Mill A two-machine, six converting lines, towel and tissue plant sought continuous improvement in its quest for asset efficiency optimization.
Opting to use the same benchmarking exercise, comparing its own existing practices to published best practices they found tactical deficiencies preventing them from advancing on their strategic goals. Contracting with local SKF resources, the plant developed a plan for improvement of asset reliability comprised of reducing their unplanned downtime due to maintenance with an initial goal of hours per year see Figure 3.
This plant is now in the process of implementing a basic care program for its operators adding another data set to the condition monitoring of the operating assets. With proper analysis this presents opportunities for downtime improvement and maintenance cost reduction. The journey to improved reliability starts with an analysis of your current situation compared to industry best practices for asset efficiency optimization.
From this a plan for improvement can be determined. Key Performance Indicators KPIs , both leading and lagging, will measure the progress and allow adjustments when necessary. Without data, sustainable improvement is difficult.
As the adage states: Measure, then Manage, then Improve. John Yolton is a year veteran of the global pulp and paper industry. Not getting answers? Edwin X. Graf, A. Now featuring the Orafix line of repulpable splice tapes SpliceSolutions 22 Arsene Way Fairhaven, MA Take out a classified ad and reach thousands of paper industry readers.
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John F. The awards support our Better Practices, Better Planet initiative and are designed to recognize exemplary sustainability successes in the paper and wood products manufacturing industry. The Innovation in Sustainability award is reserved for projects that merit recognition for their contribution to sustainable business practices, not one of the goals specifically. They achieved their sustainability goal to achieve fiber chain-of-custody certification to credible third-party forestry certifications at all their North American wholly owned manufacturing facilities by early, in The company initiated a dual purpose effort to bring all their non-certified facilities to the same certifications and to combine all their existing certifications into one enterprise-wide multisite certificate.